Assessment Tools for the Elderly - Assessment Summary Sheet
Test: ENRICH (Evaluation and Nurturing Relationship
Issues, Communication and Happiness) Marital Satisfaction Scale
Assessment Tool Category: Social Support
Method of Delivery: 15 questionnaire style items using a
5 point scale.
Description: Brief measure of marital quality for
married adults. Can obtain dyadic and individual scores. 10 items
measure 10 domains of marital quality, and the remaining 5 items
compose a marital conventionalization scale to correct for the
tendency to endorse unrealistically positive descriptions of the
Scoring/Interpretation: Items 1, 4, 6, 9, and 13
constitute the Idealistic Distortion Scale. The remaining items
are in the Marital Satisfaction Scale. Raw scores for both scales
are calculated by reverse scoring the negative items and summing
the appropriate items for each scale. After obtaining the raw
scores, one determines the percent scores in the norm table. EMS
score = percentile score for individual Marital Satisfaction Scale
– [(0.40 x PCT)(percentile score for individual Idealistic
Distortion Scale x 0.01)]. Positive couple agreement score is the
percentage of items on which both partners agree that an item is a
strength for them. An item is scored as a PCA item when both
partners mark a 4 or a 5 on a positively scored item or a 1 or a 2
on negatively scored items. 7 PCA items = a score of 70; 3 PCA
items = a score of 30 etc.
Time to Administer: 5-10 minutes
Availability: Widely available, free of charge
Validity (Quantitative): Concurrent validity (0.73) with
the Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test, as well as (0.71 for
men and 0.77 for women) with a single item measure of
satisfaction. Construct validity through comparison with Family
Satisfaction Scale, thoughts of divorce, and demographic
correlations of other satisfaction scales, suggesting
non-redundancy among the scales.
Reliability (Quantitative): Cronbach’s alpha
revealed an internal reliability of 0.86. Test re-test reliability
was measured, with a reliability coefficient of 0.86 over time.
Total item correlations are strong, ranging from 0.52 to 0.82.
Fowers, B. J. & Olson, D. H. (1993). ENRICH Marital
satisfaction scale: A brief research and clinical tool. Journal
of Family Physchology, 7(2), 176-185.